Phil explained that the effect of the melting ice was to change the temperature gradient in the northern oceans which in turn was reducing the power of the jet stream. Severe droughts in Russia in 2011 and the USA this year, and recurring floods in Pakistan, were due to the jet stream becoming more sluggish and erratic.
He warned that Arctic sea ice will have completely disappeared in the summer months by 2016, which was the clearest evidence of rapid man-made climate change. The result would be an increasing number of severe weather events, affecting the price and quality of food around the world.
We are rightly so involved in the immediate crisis regarding the economy and the attacks on the welfare state that it is sometimes difficult to also keep a focus on this danger facing humanity. However the climate crisis will impact on the global economy as well as the local one, cause international conflict over food and water resources, create great movements of populations and in the process raise issues of social justice. Anger over rising food prices contributed to the social unrest behind the Arab Spring and failing harvests will increase the pressure on the world food market.
Kirtana Chandrasekaran, Food Sovereignty Programme Co-coordinator of Friends of the Earth International spoke about food supplies in the context of climate change.
She started with the startling fact that 1 billion of the world population is hungry while another 1 billion is obese. It was estimated that 3 – 5 million people a year were dying as a result, and since 2008 two hundred million people had been pushed into hunger. She said it was not so much a question of there being a lack of food but the way it is produced and how it is distributed being the problem. 70% of the grain produced is used to feed animals.
Each spike in food prices puts millions more people into hunger. She said that the evidence so far is that in temperate countries the impact of global warming may not be very extreme but in tropical countries it may cut crop yields by 30-50%.
Agriculture, including emissions and deforestation accounts for 30-50% of global warming. Kirtana pointed to large scale industrial agriculture and its link with oil – in essence it converts oil into food and the rising price of food closely matches that of oil. US farms use 5 times more energy to produce a kilo of grain than farmers in Africa. Kirtana gave the example of the food /emissions chain where grain grown in South America is shipped to Europe, fed to animals, which then excrete methane into the atmosphere.
What was needed was ‘agricology’ where ecological principles are applied to growing food. Rebuilding the soil and organic methods can ‘lock’ carbon into the soil. Potentially 70% of climate change mitigation, including a reduction in intensive industrial cattle rearing, livestock diversity and reduced meat diet could be achieved through agricultural change. Kirtana pointed out the absurdity of the fact that we exported almost exactly the same quantities of chicken breasts and milk as we import.
Local food growing and more food growing spaces in cities could contribute to a more sustainable agricological agriculture even here in Brent.
Kirtana concluded by saying that these measures were possible and in a way injected a degree of optimism into the discussion. She was at pains to say that she was not advocating vegetarianism or denying people emerging from poverty the right to desire meat, but that an all round reduction in meeting would both help mitigate climate change and also help those in the west have healthier lives. Research by Oxford University’s Health Promotion group of FoE found that eating meat no more than three times a week would save 45,000 lives a year.
In the ensuing discussion Brent Council leader Muhammed Butt spoke about some of the measures that Brent Council had taken and the council’s eagerness to do more at a local level (a local Brent currency like the Brixton Pound was mentioned) and asked for ideas to be sent to the council.. Ken Montague talked about how the year on year rise in food prices since 2007 had created a health crisis for the poor who were no longer able to eat healthily.
Brian Orr of Brent Green Party and the Arctic Methane Emergency Group, drew attention to the seriousness of the global climate crisis and accused politicians of an ‘abysmal’ failure to rise to the challenge and suggested, with the example for the recent US presidential election, that they were frightened to reveal to the public the true extent of the threat.
Viv Stein told the audience about the work of Transition Willesden in encouraging local shops,local food growing including demonstration allotments at Kilburn Station, and harvesting of otherwise unwanted fruit. Lia Colacicco spoke about her work with residents encouraging environmental action not through Facebook or Twitter but by face to face contact and joint work with friends and neighbours in the local area. Tariq Dar from the Pakistan Community Centre said that they were involved in a joint project with the London Sustainability Exchange. Tim Danby of Marley Walks Residents Association spoke about the positive fact that this meeting was attended by the most diverse audience of any that had been to a climate change in Brent.
The meeting concluded with calls to support the National Demonstration Against Climate Change ‘Get fractious’ march on December 1st LINK which would include the erection of a fracking rig Downing Street to demonstrate how dependency on oil was bringing about increasingly dangerous and damaging oil extraction methods which would continue to build up the emissions contributing to made-made climate change.
The threads that emerged: work with residents, work with schools, transition, food growing, council action and lobbies of politicians at a national level have the potential to be woven into quite a strong strategy. The December 1st march, the Schools’ Climate Conference and Competition due to take place in March 2013 and Parliamentary lobby in June seem well placed milestones for the next few months. Another meeting will be held in January 2013 to move things forward.
I think Jeff would have been pleased.
REPORT ON BRENT COMMUNITY BRIEFING ON CLIMATE CHANGE 21.11.12
The following is a report on the community briefing meeting held by Brent Friends of the Earth and Brent Campaign against Climate Change at the Pakistan Community Centre, Willesden Green, on 21 November. It is written in response to requests by local MP’s and councillors who were unable to attend, but is also for general circulation.
The purpose of the meeting was to brief councillors and community leaders on the latest scientific evidence of climate change and its possible effects for people in Brent. It was also intended to initiate a discussion on formulating a community response to the crisis. Forty people attended, including Cllr. Muhammed Butt, leader of Brent Council.
The speakers were Phil Thornhill, National Co-ordinator of Campaign against Climate Change, who gave an illustrated talk on the melting of the Arctic ice cap and its possible effect on world weather systems, and Kirtana Chandrasekaran, Food Sovereignty Programme Co-ordinator for Friends of the Earth International, who spoke on food insecurity, food price increases, and water stress due to climate change. Both speakers made specific reference to areas of the world of particular concern to members of the Brent community.
The meeting was chaired by Martin Francis, chair of Brent Campaign against Climate. He began by paying tribute to Jeff Bartley, the Brent Environmental Projects Manager, who has died following a short illness. It was agreed that the meeting would be dedicated to Jeff’s memory in appreciation of his commitment to fighting climate change.
The Arctic Meltdown and Its Possible Effects
Phil Thornhill outlined the current scientific research by Professor Peter Wadhams of Cambridge University on the rapid depletion of the Arctic ice cap. Eighty per cent of the volume of Arctic ice had disappeared between 1979 and September 2012 and it is predicted that there will be no sea ice in the Arctic in the summer months by 2016. Professor Wadhams has suggested that the effect on climate change was likely to be equivalent to 20 years of man-made emissions. There was also evidence that the Greenland Ice Field was melting.
Phil stressed that this was the most visible evidence of the rapid advance of man-made climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions. He explained that the immediate effect of the melting of Arctic ice was to change the temperature gradient in the northern oceans which in turn was reducing the power of the jet stream. Severe droughts in Russia in 2011 and the USA this year, recurring floods in Pakistan, and extreme weather variations in Britain were due to the jet stream becoming more sluggish and erratic. Extreme weather events are likely to adversely affect the price and quality of food around the world.
He also referred to the melting of the permafrost and the disruption of deep-ocean methane hydrates which were resulting in plumes of methane bursting into the atmosphere.
The Effect of Climate Change on Food Security
Kirtana Chandrasekaran began by outlining some of the general issues of food scarcity, food waste, and environmental pollution due to our current methods of food production and distribution. Agriculture, including emissions and deforestation, accounts for 30 – 50% of global warming and US farms use 5 times more energy to produce a kilo of grain than farmers in Africa.
These problems were being exacerbated by droughts and floods arising from climate change and in tropical countries crop yields may be reduced by 30% – 50%. It was estimated that 3 – 5 million people a year were dying as a result, and since 2008 two hundred million people had been pushed into hunger. Tens of thousands of animals have been slaughtered because farmers can no longer afford the high price of animal feed.
Potentially, by applying “agricological” principles, including a reduction in intensive industrial cattle rearing, livestock diversity and a reduced meat diet, agriculture could contribute as much as 70% to the mitigation of climate change. Local food growing and more food growing spaces in cities, could also make a significant contribution. Research by Oxford University’s Health Promotion Group of Friends of the Earth had found that eating meat no more than three times a week would save 45,000 lives a year as well as helping to reduce emissions.
Contributions from the Floor
In the ensuing discussion Brent Council leader Muhammed Butt spoke about some of the measures that the Council had taken and its eagerness to do more at a local level. He asked for ideas to be sent to the council.
Brian Orr of Brent Green Party and the Arctic Methane Emergency Group, drew attention to the seriousness of the global climate crisis and accused politicians of an “abysmal” failure to rise to the challenge and suggested, with the example of the recent US presidential election, that they were frightened to reveal to the public the true extent of the threat. Ken Montague of the Socialist Workers Party said that the 4.9% year-on-year rise in food prices since 2007 was creating a health crisis for poor families in Britain, who were turning to cheaper and more filling, but less healthy, food.
Viv Stein told the audience about the work of Transition Willesden in encouraging local shops, and local food growing, including demonstration allotments at Kilburn Station and harvesting of otherwise unwanted fruit. Lia Colacicco spoke about her work with residents encouraging environmental action not through Facebook or Twitter but by face to face contact and joint work with friends and neighbours in the local area.
Tariq Dar from the Pakistan Community Centre said that they were involved in a joint project with the London Sustainability Exchange. Tim Danby of Marley Walks Residents Association spoke about the positive fact that this meeting was attended by the most diverse audience of any that had been to a climate change meeting in Brent.
Proposals for a Community Response
Speaking on behalf of the organisers of the meeting, Ken Montague, Secretary of Brent Campaign against Climate Change, put forward three proposals for developing a community response to help mitigate climate change:
In order to convey the seriousness of the situation to the wider community he asked representatives of local organisations to invite speakers from Brent FoE or Brent CaCC to speak at their meetings. He specifically urged members of trade union branches to invite him to speak about the trade union backed campaign for a million climate jobs.
Brent FoE and Brent CaCC were holding a joint meeting on 8th January to start developing a programme of proposals to put to Brent Council. He welcomed Cllr. Butt’s invitation to put forward ideas and asked representatives of local organisations, and especially councillors themselves, to contribute to this discussion.
In the present climate of budget cuts the Council was limited in what it could do. It was therefore essential to take the argument to central government, especially at a time when emissions targets for 2030 were under review. He urged Brent Council to work with FoE and CaCC in drafting a “Statement of Concern” to be presented to MP’s, Ministers and the Secretary of State as part of a national lobby of Parliament planned for the summer.
Responses to this report should be e-mailed to firstname.lastname@example.org for consideration by Brent Friends of the Earth and Brent Campaign against Climate Change as a basis for discussions with Brent Council.